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What Factors Induce Health Care Decision Makers to use Clinical Guidelines ? Evidence from Provincial Health Ministries, Regional Helath Authorities and Hospitals in Canada
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Social Science & Medicine (www.elsevier.com/locate/sosscimed) vol. 62 no. 4 (Feb. 2006)
evidence based decision making
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This paper addresses three questions. What is the extent of clinical guideline utilizxation by decision makers in provincial health ministries, regional health authorities and hospitals in canada ? Are there differences between these work settings in regard to the extent of clinical guideline utilization ? What are the determinants of clinical guidelines utilization in ehalth ministries, regional health authorities and hospitals ? Based on a survey of 899 decision amkers from canadian provincial health ministries, regional health authorities and hospitals, the results indicate that there are large differences between work settings in regard to clinical guidelines utilization. Not surprisingly, work settings like hospitals rely more intensively on lcinical guidelines than the other work settings (health ministries or agencies and regional health authorities). The results of the regression models indicate that cognitive factors, social factors, technological factors, organizational factors and individual attributes significantly predict the utilization of clinical practice guideliens by decision makers. However the results of the regression models also indicate that some factors that predict clinical guideline utilization by decision makers in hospitals fo not predict clinical guidelines utilization by decision makers working in ministries or in regional health authorities. Therefore, these results suggest that customized interventions would be appropriate in order to efficiently increase the utilization of clinical practice guidelines in different work settings. The paper concludes with suggestions for future research.
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