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ArtikelValidation of predictive equations for resting energy expenditure in obese adolescents  
Oleh: Hofsteenge, Geesje H ; Chinapaw, Mai JM ; Delemarre-van de Waal, Henriette A ; Weijs, Peter JM
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 91 no. 05 (May 2010), page 1244-1254 .
Topik: resting energy; obese adolescents
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: A07.K.2010.01
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelBackground: When the resting energy expenditure (REE) of overweight and obese adolescents cannot be measured by indirect calorimetry, it has to be predicted with an equation. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the validity of published equations for REE compared with indirect calorimetry in overweight and obese adolescents. Design: Predictive equations based on weight, height, sex, age, fat-free mass (FFM), and fat mass were compared with measured REE. REE was measured by indirect calorimetry, and body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The accuracy of the REE equations was evaluated on the basis of the percentage of adolescents predicted within 10% of REE measured, the mean percentage difference between predicted and measured values (bias), and the root mean squared prediction error (RMSE). Results: Forty-three predictive equations (of which 12 were based on FFM) were included. Validation was based on 70 girls and 51 boys with a mean age of 14.5 y and a mean (±SD) body mass index SD score of 2.93 ± 0.45. The percentage of adolescents with accurate predictions ranged from 74% to 12% depending on the equation used. The most accurate and precise equation for these adolescents was the Molnar equation (accurate predictions: 74%; bias: –1.2%; RMSE: 174 kcal/d). The often-used Schofield-weight equation for age 10–18 y was not accurate (accurate predictions: 50%; bias: +10.7%; RMSE: 276 kcal/d). Conclusions: Indirect calorimetry remains the method of choice for REE in overweight and obese adolescents. However, the sex-specific Molnar REE prediction equation appears to be the most accurate for overweight and obese adolescents aged 12–18 y.
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