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ArtikelSynergistic Person x Situation Interaction in Distributive Justice Behavior  
Oleh: Eid, Michael ; Schmitt, Manfred ; Maes, Jurgen
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin ( vol. 29 no. 1 (2003), page 141-147.
Topik: BEHAVIOUR; distributive justice behavior; situation interaction; synergistic person
Fulltext: 141PSPB291.pdf (78.62KB)
  • Perpustakaan Pusat (Semanggi)
    • Nomor Panggil: PP45.15
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelA person x situation interaction is synergistic when a personality trait amplifiers the effect of a situational factor. The present study tested how individuals' justice attitudes and situational factors jointly affect the allocation of finaancial burdens. Six insurrance cases were described to 80 participants. Economic status of client (high, low) and responsibility of client for damage of the insured (high, low) were manipulated between subjects. Participants suggested a percentage of the total costs that they considered a fair contribution by the client. In accordance with the synergistic model, justice attitude (person factor) and responsibility for damage (situation factor) interacted and explained 5 % of the variance of the dependent variable. With increasing negativity of attitude toward equality, the effect of responsibility was larger. Several cognitive mechanisms, such as motivated perception, selective attention, and the availability of attitude - congruent situation schemas, that may account for synergistic interactions in justice behaviour and in the other domains were discussed.
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