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ArtikelChildhood Adversity and Epigenetic Regulation of Glucocorticoid Signaling Genes: Associations in Children and Adults  
Oleh: Tyrka, Audrey R. ; Ridout, Kathryn K. ; Parade, Stephanie H.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Development and Psychopathology vol. 28 no. 4 (part2) (Nov. 2016), page 1319-1331.
Topik: Early childhood experiences; psychiatric disorders; childhood maltreatment; physiologic stress; epigenetic; glucocorticoid receptor gene
  • Perpustakaan Pusat (Semanggi)
    • Nomor Panggil: DD21
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Isi artikelEarly childhood experiences have lasting effects on development, including the risk for psychiatric disorders. Research examining the biologic underpinnings of these associations has revealed the impact of childhood maltreatment on the physiologic stress response and activity of the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal axis. A growing body of literature supports the hypothesis that environmental exposures mediate their biological effects via epigenetic mechanisms. Methylation, which is thought to be the most stable form of epigenetic change, is a likely mechanism by which early life exposures have lasting effects. We present recent evidence related to epigenetic regulation of genes involved in hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal axis regulation, namely, the glucocorticoid receptor gene (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1 [NR3C1]) and FK506 binding protein 51 gene (FKBP5), after childhood adversity and associations with risk for psychiatric disorders. Implications for the development of interventions and future research are discussed.
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