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ArtikelEnvironmentally Driven Increases in Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity in Pima Indians and Non-Pimas in Mexico Over a 15-Year Period: The Maycoba Project  
Oleh: Esparza-Romero, Julian ; Valencia, Mauro E. ; Urquidez-Romero, Rene ; Chaudhari, Lisa S. ; Hanson, Robert L. ; Knowler, William C. ; Ravussin, Eric ; Bennett, Peter H. ; Schulz, Leslie O.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Diabetes Care vol. 38 no. 11 (Nov. 2015), page 2075-2082.
Topik: Obesity
Fulltext: D05 v38 n9 p2075 kelik2016.pdf (996.28KB)
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: D05.K
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
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Isi artikelOBJECTIVE The global epidemics of type 2 diabetes and obesity have been attributed to the interaction between lifestyle changes and genetic predisposition to these diseases. We compared the prevalences of type 2 diabetes and obesity in Mexican Pima Indians, presumed to have a high genetic predisposition to these diseases, to those in their non-Pima neighbors, both of whom over a 15-year period experienced a transition from a traditional to a more modern lifestyle. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, and obesity in Mexican Pimas (n = 359) and non-Pima Mexicans (n = 251) were determined in 2010 using methods identical to those used in 1995. RESULTS During this 15-year period, age-adjusted diabetes prevalence was unchanged in Pima men (5.8% in 1995 vs. 6.1% in 2010) yet increased in non-Pima men from 0.0 to 8.6% (P < 0.05). Diabetes prevalence tended to increase in both Pima women (9.4 vs. 13.4%) and non-Pima women (4.8 vs. 9.5%). Age-adjusted prevalence of obesity increased significantly in all groups (6.6 vs. 15.7% in Pima men; 8.5 vs. 20.5% in non-Pima men; 18.9. vs 36.3% in Pima women; 29.5 vs. 42.9% in non-Pima women). CONCLUSIONS Type 2 diabetes prevalence increased between 1995 and 2010 in non-Pima men, and to a lesser degree in women of both groups, but it did not increase in Pima men. Prevalence of obesity increased among Pimas and non-Pimas of both sexes. These changes occurred concomitantly with an environmental transition from a traditional to a more modernized lifestyle.
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