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Relational preverbs in some languages of the Americas
Hale, Kenneth L.
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Language (ada di JSTOR) vol. 64 no. 2 (Jun. 1988)
RELATIONAL PREVERBS IN SOME LANGUAGES.pdf
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In the verbal morphology of many language of the world, certain elements define the semantic functions of particular arguments of the verb, e.g. the benefactive relation, the instrumental, and the lovative. Often these elements are clearly adpositional in origin. In some of the New World languages axamined here, the source of these elements, which we call RELATIONAL PREVERBS, is clearly the postposition. The hypothesis that relational preverbs are incorporated into the verb by means of a syntactic rule accounts for their observed properties in some languages, but not in others. An adequate picture of their nature emerges only when their typology is interpreted in both synchronic and diachronic perspective.*
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