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Age-related differences in effective connectivity of brain regions involved in Japanese kanji processing with homophone judgment task
Koh, Jia Ying Serene
Ho, Moon-ho Ringo
Chen, Shen-Hsing Annabel
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Brain and Language (Full Text) vol. 135 (2014)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging
Dynamic causal modeling (DCM)
Reading is a complex process involving neural networks in which connections may be influenced by task demands and other factors. We employed functional magnetic resonance imaging and dynamic causal modeling to examine age-related influences on left-hemispheric kanji reading networks. During a homophone judgment task, activation in the middle frontal gyrus, and dorsal and ventral inferior frontal gyri were identified, representing areas involved in orthographic, phonological, and semantic processing, respectively. The young adults showed a preference for a semantically-mediated pathway from orthographic inputs to the retrieval of phonological representations, whereas the elderly preferred a direct connection from orthographic inputs to phonological lexicons prior to the activation of semantic representations. These sequential pathways are in line with the lexical semantic and non-semantic routes in the dual-route cascaded model. The shift in reading pathways accompanied by slowed reaction time for the elderly might suggest age-related declines in the efficiency of network connectivity.
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