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Artikel‘‘Bi-functional constituent constructions” in modern mandarin Chinese: a Cardiff Grammar approach  
Oleh: He, Wei
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Language Sciences (Full Text) vol. 42 (2014), page 43-59.
Topik: The Cardiff Grammar; Semantic functions; Syntactic elements; Simple sentence; Complex sentence
Fulltext: 42_He.pdf (1.38MB)
Isi artikelThis study investigates ‘‘bi-functional constituent constructions” in modern mandarin Chinese from a Cardiff Grammar approach with the aim to answer two questions, one of which is what type of sentence they belong to—simple or complex, and the other of which is whether the ‘‘bi-functional constituent” plays two roles in the constructions. After reviewing previous researches and specifying the realization relationship between meaning and form and the meaning-centered linguistic description principle within the framework of the Cardiff Grammar, the study analyzes and discusses the generallyacknowledged five types of the constructions one by one, and in doing so, semantic functions are taken to be decisive in assigning a syntactic element label to a syntactic unit. The detailed analysis and discussion show that due to the influential process meaning realized by them, the two types expressing causation and naming or identifying meanings are described as simple sentences, where the ‘‘bi-functional constituent” plays only one role, i.e. as the Subject of the embedded clause in the sentences. On account of the essential feature of mental process represented by it, the type expressing emotion is also seen as simple sentences, in which the ‘‘bi-functional constituent” plays solely one role, too, specifically, as one Complement of the matrix clause or the Subject of the embedded clause in the sentences. Part range of ‘‘bi-functional constituent constructions” expressing description is described as simple sentences, which results from the dominant-and-dependent logico– semantic relationship between the two involved processes. In this case, the ‘‘bi-functional constituent” functions as Complement of the matrix clause. The remaining constructions expressing description and the type of existence—are described as compact complex sentences, and this is based on the extension logico–semantic relationship between the two processes represented by the filling clauses of the sentences. The ‘‘bi-functional constituent” plays exclusively one role, too, i.e. as the Complement of the first matrix clause.
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