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Comparing Entrepreneurship Intention: A Multigroup Structural Equation Modeling Approach
Sihombing, Sabrina O.
Article from Journal - ilmiah nasional - terakreditasi DIKTI
International Research Journal of Business Studies vol. 5 no. 1 (2012)
theory of planned behavior
Unemployment is one of the main social and economic problems that many countries face nowadays. One strategic way to overcome this problem is by fostering entrepreneurship spirit especially for unemployment graduates. Entrepreneurship is becoming an alternative Job for students after they graduate. This is because entrepreneurship offers major benefits, such as setting up one’s own business and the possibility of having significant financial rewards than working for others. Entrepreneurship is then offered by many universities. This research applies the theory of planned behavior (TPB) by incorporating attitude toward success as an antecedent variable of the attitude to examine students’ intention to become an entrepreneur. The objective of this research is to compare entrepreneurship intention between business students and non-business students. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data for this study. Questionnaires were distributed to respondents by applying the drop-off/pick-up method. A number of 294 by questionnaires were used in the analysis. Data were analyzed by using structural equation modeling. Two out of four hypotheses were confirmed. These hypotheses are the relationship between the attitude toward becoming an entrepreneur and the intention to try becoming an entrepreneur, and the relationship perceived behavioral control and intention to try becoming an entrepreneur. This paper also provides a discussion and offers directions for future research.
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