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Artikel‘Opposites’ in discourse: A comparison of antonym use across four domains  
Oleh: Jones, Steven
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Journal of Pragmatics: An Interdiciplinary Journal of Language Studies vol. 39 no. 6 (Jun. 2007), page 1105-1119.
Topik: Antonymy (ancillary; coordinated); Discourse functions; Child language; Corpus linguistics; CHILDES; BNC
Fulltext: Jones_Steven.pdf (157.68KB)
Isi artikelThe status of antonymy as a widespread and important feature of language has never been in question (see Lyons, 1977; Cruse, 1986, 2000, etc.). Using data from individual written corpora, the various discourse functions of ‘opposites’ have recently been identified (Justeson and Katz, 1991; Mettinger, 1994) and quantified (Jones, 2002; Jones and Murphy, 2005). Building on these studies, this paper presents a broader, comparative analysis of how antonyms operate in four different domains: Adult-Produced Writing (using a corpus of Independent newspaper data); Adult-Produced Speech (using the spoken component of the British National Corpus); Child-Produced Speech and Child-Directed Speech (both using selected corpora from the CHILDES database). The paper addresses issues relating to acquisition (such as the extent to which antonym output in childhood is input-dependent and age-related), considers inter-corpus differences between antonym use, and assesses the methodological value and limits of exploring linguistic phenomena across differently comprised corpora.
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