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ArtikelAristotle's footprints in the linguist's garden  
Oleh: Allan, Keith
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Language Sciences (Full Text) vol. 26 no. 4 (2004), page 317-342.
Topik: Apuleius; Aristotle; Contradictory; Contrary; Gricean maxims; Modality; Negation; Parts of speech; Phoneme; Rhetoric; Square of opposition; Statement; Syllogistic; Truth value; Western classical tradition in linguistics
Fulltext: Allan_Keith, p. 317-342.pdf (295.78KB)
Isi artikelFor Aristotle, language is (A) a symbolic system that represents (B) the world of our experience as it is contained within the mind. He believed (C) that the world is external to human beings, who are all capable of (D) perceiving the same things within it. Finally, (E) Aristotle was only interested in form as a corollary of function. (A–E) have given rise to different developments in linguistics. (A) is a premise for all linguists, but has been developed, perhaps to its limits, in post-Fregean semantics. Since the last quarter of the 20th century, (B) has been pursued by cognitive linguists. (C) was taken up by the speculative grammarians of the late middle ages. The rationalists of the 17th and 18th centuries took up (D), revising the interpretation of their speculative precursors to seek universal grammar in the rational minds of the human beings perceiving the world around them. Chomsky reinterprets the rationalist doctrine to seek universal grammar in the human mind while eschewing the relevance of human perception of anything other than linguistic input. Functional linguistics has picked up on (E). So, todays formal linguists, cognitivists, functionalists, and Chomskyites may often be at odds with each other, but all tread in Aristotles footprints.
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