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ArtikelThe lack of effect of insulin on luteinizing hormone pulsatility in healthy male volunteers provides evidence of a sexual dimorphism in the metabolic regulation of reproductive hormones  
Oleh: Pesant, Marie-Helene ; Dwyer, Andrew ; Vidal, Pedro Marques ; Schneiter, Philippe
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 96 no. 02 (Aug. 2012), page 283-288 .
Topik: Nutritional Status; Dietary Intake; Body Composition
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: A07.K.2012.02
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelBackground: The activity of the neuroendocrine reproductive axis is closely related to nutritional status. This link is particularly important in healthy women, in whom insulin is a positive signal for the reproductive system. In contrast, very little is known regarding this relation in men. Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of insulin on the reproductive axis of young male volunteers and to study the effect of short-term hypercaloric feeding on this modulation. Design: The activity of the neuroendocrine reproductive axis was characterized by the pattern of endogenous luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion on the basis of frequent blood sampling protocols. The effect of insulin was tested by comparing the LH secretion pattern between a baseline study and a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. These studies were performed first in subjects fed a controlled isocaloric diet for 6 d (calculated as 1.5 times their resting metabolic rate) then in the same subjects fed a controlled hypercaloric diet in which 30% extra calories were provided as fat and fructose (3 g · kg-1 · d-1) before undergoing identical protocols. Serum gonadotropins, sex steroids, glucose, insulin, ghrelin, and leptin concentrations were assessed, and the HOMA-IR was calculated. Results: The LH secretion pattern was not affected by insulin or by hypercaloric feeding. Insulin decreased ghrelin and increased leptin concentrations but had no additional effect of hypercaloric feeding despite significantly lower HOMA-IR indexes. Conclusions: Our data indicate that neither insulin nor short-term hypercaloric feeding has any effect on the activity of the male reproductive axis. They also further support the association between ghrelin and insulin and glucose metabolism.
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