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Artikel'737-Cabriolet’: The Limits of Knowledge and the Sociology of Inevitable Failure  
Oleh: Downer, John
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: AJS: American Journal of Sociology vol. 117 no. 03 (Nov. 2011), page 725.
Topik: Sociology of Disaster; Airworthiness and Aircraft Accident Investigation; Social Construction of Technology; Engineering studies; STSE; Metallurgical Failure Analysis; and Failure; Crisis
Fulltext: 662383_SA.pdf (348.12KB)
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  • Perpustakaan PKPM
    • Nomor Panggil: A13
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Isi artikelThis paper looks at the fateful 1988 fuselage failure of Aloha Airlines Flight 243 to suggest and illustrate a new perspective on the sociology of technological accidents. Drawing on core insights from the sociology of scientific knowledge, it highlights, and then challenges, a fundamental principle underlying our understanding of technological risk: a realist epistemology that tacitly assumes that technological knowledge is objectively knowable and that ‘failures’ always connote ‘errors’ which are, in principle, foreseeable. From here, it suggests a new conceptual tool by proposing a novel category of man-made calamity: the ‘Epistemic Accident’, grounded in a constructivist understanding of knowledge. It concludes by exploring the implications of Epistemic Accidents and a constructivist approach to failure; sketching their relationship to broader issues concerning technology and society, and reexamining conventional ideas about technology, accountability and governance.
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