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Dietary patterns and difficulty conceiving: a nested case–control study
Lopez-del Burgo, Cristina
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Fertility and Sterility (keterangan: ada di ClinicalKey) vol. 96 no. 05 (Nov. 2011)
difficulty getting pregnant
principal component analysis
1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
Lihat Detail Induk
Objective To investigate potential associations between dietary patterns (defined using factor analysis) and difficulty conceiving. Design Case–control study nested in a Spanish cohort of university graduates (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra [SUN] Project). Setting Female university graduates all over Spain participating in the SUN Project. Patient(s) A total of 485 women, aged 20–45 years, reporting having presented with difficulty getting pregnant, and 1,669 age-matched controls who had at least one child. Intervention(s) None. Main Outcome Measure(s) Reported difficulty getting pregnant. Data were collected from baseline and follow-up questionnaires of the SUN Project. Result(s) Two dietary patterns were identified. They were labeled as “Mediterranean-type” and “Western-type” patterns. A lower risk of difficulty getting pregnant was apparent in the highest quartile of adherence to the Mediterranean-type pattern compared with the lowest quartile (odds ratio 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.35–0.95). Greater adherence to the Western-type dietary pattern showed no association with this outcome. Conclusion(s) A greater adherence to the Mediterranean-type dietary pattern may enhance fertility. Further evidence about the relationship between this dietary pattern and fertility is needed to develop nutritional interventions for women desiring to get pregnant.
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