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ArtikelMaintenance of Wintertime Vitamin D Status with Cholecalciferol Supplementation Is Not Associated with Alterations in Serum Cytokine Concentrations among Apparently Healthy Younger or Older Adults  
Oleh: Barnes, Maria S. ; Horigan, Geraldine ; Cashman, Kevin D. ; Hill, Tom R. ; Forsythe, Lynn M. ; Lucey, Alice J. ; McSorley, Emeir M. ; Kiely, Mairead ; Bonham, Maxine P. ; Magee, Pamela J. ; Wallace, Julie M.W.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: JN: The Journal of Nutrition vol. 141 no. 03 (Mar. 2011), page 476-481.
Topik: VITAMINS; Vitamin D; Inflammatory Markers
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: J42.K.2011.01
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelEpidemiological studies have shown that low vitamin D status results in impaired immune function and is associated with the prevalence of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. Vitamin D supplementation has been shown to reduce circulating concentrations of inflammatory markers in such conditions. However, the possible beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation in the general population, particularly for those individuals living at high latitudes where hypovitaminosis D is common during wintertime, remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation using doses of 5, 10, and 15 µg/d cholecalciferol (D3) compared with placebo on cytokine concentrations throughout winter in apparently healthy younger (aged 20–40 y) and older (aged =64 y) adults. A total of 211 younger and 202 older adults completed the 22-wk intervention (from October to March) with >85% compliance. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D3], high sensitivity C-reactive protein, IL-6, IL-10, soluble CD40 ligand, TGFß, TNFa, and fibrinogen were measured using ELISA. 25(OH)D3 concentrations significantly decreased in the placebo and 5 and 10/d µg D3 groups in the younger cohort and in the placebo group in the older cohort. Whereas 15 µg/d D3 supplementation maintained 25(OH)D3 concentrations in the younger cohort (baseline, 75.9 nmol/L; postintervention, 69.0 nmol/L) and significantly increased concentrations in the older cohort (baseline, 55.1 nmol/L; postintervention, 73.9 nmol/L), it had no significant effect on cytokine concentrations (ANCOVA, P > 0.05). The long-term effects of low vitamin D status remain to be elucidated and optimization of vitamin D status in otherwise healthy individuals may potentially have lasting beneficial effects on the immune system.
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