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ArtikelAPOE {varepsilon}2 is associated with intact cognition but increased Alzheimer pathology in the oldest old  
Oleh: Berlau, Daniel J. ; Corrada, María M. ; Head, Elizabeth ; Kawas, Claudia H.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Neurology (Official Journal of The American Academy of Neurology) vol. 72 no. 09 (Mar. 2009), page 829-834.
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: N11.K.2009.03
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelBackground: Many studies have examined the role of APOE genotype in the development of dementia, specifically Alzheimer disease (AD). The APOE {varepsilon}4 allele (APOE4) is a risk factor for both clinical and neuropathologic AD whereas the APOE {varepsilon}2 allele (APOE2) seems to be protective. This would predict, even with advanced age, that APOE2 carriers would be less likely to have dementia and less likely to meet pathologic criteria for AD. Methods: The first 85 genotyped participants from The 90+ Study to come to autopsy were included. All-cause dementia (using DSM-IV criteria) and AD (using National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke–Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association criteria) diagnoses were made by consensus conference using all available information including neuropsychological testing, neurologic examination, and medical records. Neuropathologic examination included Braak and Braak staging for plaques and tangles and diagnosis of neuropathologic AD using National Institute on Aging–Reagan criteria. Results: Across all genotypes, 58.5% of subjects were diagnosed with clinical dementia (81% of dementia was AD) and 50.0% met neuropathologic criteria for AD. Compared to those with an APOE {varepsilon}3/{varepsilon}3 genotype (APOE3/3), APOE4 carriers were more likely to be diagnosed with dementia (odds ratio [OR] = 12.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.5–102.0), whereas APOE2 carriers were not (OR = 0.3, 95% CI = 0.1–1.3). Surprisingly, both APOE4 (OR = 4.6, 95% CI = 1.3–16.5) and APOE2 (OR = 7.8, 95% CI = 1.5–40.2) carriers were more likely to meet neuropathologic criteria for AD than those with APOE3/3 genotype. Conclusions: In the oldest old, the presence of the APOE {varepsilon}2 allele (APOE2) was associated with a somewhat reduced risk of dementia, but paradoxically was associated with increased Alzheimer disease (AD) neuropathology. Therefore, oldest old APOE2 carriers may have some mechanism that contributes to the maintenance of cognition independently of the formation of AD pathology.
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