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ArtikelEstimation of the dietary requirement for vitamin D in healthy adults  
Oleh: Cashman, Kevin D. ; Hill, Tom R. ; Lucey, Alice J. ; Taylor, Nicola J. ; Seamans, Kelly M
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 88 no. 06 (Dec. 2008), page 1535.
Topik: Vitamins; minerals; and phytochemicals
Ketersediaan
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: A07.K.2008.04
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelBackground: Knowledge gaps have contributed to considerable variation among international dietary recommendations for vitamin D. Objective: We aimed to establish the distribution of dietary vitamin D required to maintain serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations above several proposed cutoffs (ie, 25, 37.5, 50, and 80 nmol/L) during wintertime after adjustment for the effect of summer sunshine exposure and diet. Design: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind 22-wk intervention study was conducted in men and women aged 20–40 y (n = 238) by using different supplemental doses (0, 5, 10, and 15 µg/d) of vitamin D3 throughout the winter. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were measured by using enzyme-linked immunoassay at baseline (October 2006) and endpoint (March 2007). Results: There were clear dose-related increments (P < 0.0001) in serum 25(OH)D with increasing supplemental vitamin D3. The slope of the relation between vitamin D intake and serum 25(OH)D was 1.96 nmol·L–1·µg–1 intake. The vitamin D intake that maintained serum 25(OH)D concentrations of >25 nmol/L in 97.5% of the sample was 8.7 µg/d. This intake ranged from 7.2 µg/d in those who enjoyed sunshine exposure, 8.8 µg/d in those who sometimes had sun exposure, and 12.3 µg/d in those who avoided sunshine. Vitamin D intakes required to maintain serum 25(OH)D concentrations of >37.5, >50, and >80 nmol/L in 97.5% of the sample were 19.9, 28.0, and 41.1 µg/d, respectively. Conclusion: The range of vitamin D intakes required to ensure maintenance of wintertime vitamin D status [as defined by incremental cutoffs of serum 25(OH)D] in the vast majority (>97.5%) of 20–40-y-old adults, considering a variety of sun exposure preferences, is between 7.2 and 41.1 µg/d.
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