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ArtikelAdaptation in human zinc absorption as influenced by dietary zinc and bioavailability  
Oleh: Hunt, Janet R ; Beiseigel, Jeannemarie M. ; Johnson, LuAnn K.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 87 no. 05 (May 2008), page 1336.
Topik: Vitamins; minerals; and phytochemicals
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: A07.K.2008.02
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelBackground: An understanding of the relations among dietary zinc intake, bioavailability, and absorption is necessary for making dietary intake recommendations. Objectives: We aimed to assess adaptation in human zinc absorption to controlled differences in zinc and phytate intakes and to apply the results to predictive models. Design: In 3 experiments, radiotracers were used to assess zinc absorption by healthy adults (n = 109) from controlled diets, before and after 4 or 8 wk of dietary equilibration. Subjects consumed 4–29 mg Zn/d from 1 of 10 diets, 5 with molar ratios of phytate to zinc from 2 to 7 and 5 with ratios from 15 to 23. Results: Absorptive efficiency was inversely related to dietary zinc from both low- and high-phytate diets. In response to low zinc intakes (<11 mg/d) for 4–8 wk, zinc absorption was up-regulated to as high as 92%, but only if the diets were low in phytate. The results help validate and refine a published saturable transport model that predicts zinc absorption from dietary zinc and phytate. Possible biomarkers of impaired zinc status, including erythrocyte osmotic fragility, in vitro erythrocyte 65Zn uptake, and leukocyte expression of the zinc transport proteins Zip1 and ZnT1, were unresponsive to dietary zinc content. Conclusions: Humans absorbed zinc more efficiently from low-zinc diets and adapted to further increase zinc absorption after consuming low-zinc, low-phytate diets for several weeks. Such adaptation did not occur with higher phytate diets. Zinc absorption can be predicted from dietary zinc and phytate after allowing for dietary equilibration.
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