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ArtikelHow early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age  
Oleh: Karaolis-Danckert, Nadina ; Günther, Anke L.B. ; Kroke, Anja ; Hornberg, Claudia ; Buyken, Anette E
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 86 no. 06 (Dec. 2007), page 1700.
Topik: Rapid weight gain ; appropriate for gestational age ; nutrition ; breastfeeding ; body fat percentage ; children ; trajectories
Ketersediaan
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: A07.K.2007.04
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelBackground: It is not clear whether the adverse effects of rapid weight gain in infancy are modified by nutrition during the first 2 y of life in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Objective: We examined the interaction between rapid weight gain and nutrition in infancy and early childhood and their effect on body fat percentage (BF%) trajectories between 2 and 5 y of age. Design: The study population comprised 249 (51.4% female) term AGA participants of the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed Study, for whom repeated anthropometric measurements until 5 y of age and information on breastfeeding status and on diet at 12 and 18–24 mo of age were available. Results: Multilevel model analyses showed that, among rapid growers, those who had been fully breastfed for 4 mo had a lower BF% at 2 y of age than did those who had not been fully breastfed for 4 mo (ß ± SE: –1.53 ± 0.59%; P = 0.009). This difference persisted until 5 y. Furthermore, those rapid growers who had a consistently high fat intake at both 12 and 18–24 mo did not show the expected physiologic decrease in BF% between 2 and 5 y seen in those rapid growers with an inconsistent or consistently low fat intake at these time points (0.73 ± 0.26%/y; P = 0.006). Conclusions: Among rapid growers, full breastfeeding for 4 mo is protective against a high BF% at 2 y of age, whereas a consistently high fat intake in the second year of life "inhibits" the physiologic decrease in BF% between 2 and 5 y.
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