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ArtikelUtopia With No Topos  
Oleh: Bauman, Zygmunt
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: History of the Human Sciences vol. 16 no. 1 (Feb. 2003), page 11–25.
Topik: finality; liquid modernity; territoriality; topos; utopia
Fulltext: 11.pdf (82.21KB)
Isi artikelTo measure the life ‘as it is’ by a life ‘as it might or should be’ is a defining, constitutive feature of humanity. The urge to transcend is nearest to a universal, and arguably the least destructible, attribute of human existence. This cannot be said, however, of its articulations into ‘projects’ – that is, of cohesive and comprehensive programmes of change and of visions of life that the change is hoped to bring about – visions that stand out of reality, adumbrating a fully and truly different, alternative world. For the constantly present transgressive urge to be articulated into such projects, some less common conditions must arise. Utopia is one of the forms such uncommon articulations may take. This article explores the conditions that defined that form – those of modernity in its initial ‘solid’ stage, a form that was marked and set apart from other articulations of the transgression urge by two remarkable attributes: territoriality and finality. It is concluded that in the transgressive imagination of ‘liquid modernity’ the ‘place’ (whether physical or social) has been replaced by the unending sequence of new beginnings, inconsequentiality of deeds has been substituted for fixity of order, and the desire for a different today has elbowed out concern with a better tomorrow.
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