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ArtikelPerioperative Morbidity and Mortality Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus–Infected Women Undergoing Cesarean Delivery  
Oleh: Louis, Judette ; Landon, Mark B. ; Gersnoviez, Rebecca J. ; Leveno, Kenneth J. ; Spong, Catherine Y. ; Rouse, Dwight J. ; Moawad, Atef H. ; Varner, Michael W. ; Caritis, Steve N. ; Harper, Margaret ; Wapner, Ronald J ; Miodovnik, Menachem ; Carpenter, Marshall ; Peaceman, Alan M. ; O'Sullivan, Mary J. ; Sibai, Baha M. ; Langer, Oded ; Thorp, John M. ; Ramin, Susan M. ; Mercer, Brian M.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Obstetrics and Gynecology vol. 110 no. 02 (Aug. 2007), page 385.
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: O01.K.2007.03
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
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Isi artikelOBJECTIVE: To determine whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected women have a higher rate of postcesarean morbidity and mortality compared with women without HIV infection. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed of women with singleton gestations undergoing cesarean delivery with known HIV status. Data were collected as part of a prospective 4-year (1999–2002) observational study and analyzed using logistic regression. Women were surveyed for a large number of intraoperative complications, common perioperative morbidities, and uncommon maternal complications. RESULTS: There were 378 HIV-infected and 54,281 uninfected women who met criteria. Patients infected with HIV were more likely to have postpartum endometritis (11.6% compared with 5.8%, P<.001), require a postpartum blood transfusion (4.0% compared with 2.0%, P=.02), develop maternal sepsis (1.1% compared with 0.2%, P<.001), be treated for pneumonia (1.3% compared with 0.3%, P=.001), and to have a maternal death (0.8% compared with 0.1%, P<.001). After controlling for potential confounders, patients with HIV infection were more likely to have one or more postpartum morbidities (odds ratio 1.6, 95% confidence interval 1.2–2.2). CONCLUSION: Women with HIV infection undergoing cesarean delivery are at increased risk for perioperative morbidity and maternal mortality.
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