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Effects of Three Years of Piano Instruction on Children’s Academic Achievement, School Performance and Self - Esteem
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Psychology of Music vol. 32 no. 2 (Apr. 2004)
self - esteem
This study of the effects of three years of piano instruction is based on a sample of 117 fourth - grade children attending public schools in Montreal. The children had never participated in formal music instruction, did not have a piano at home, and their annual family income was below $ 40,000 Can. Children in the experimental group (n = 63) received individual piano lessons weekly for three years and were given an acoustic piano at no cost to their families. Children in the control group (n = 54) did not participate in formal music instruction. Participants were administered tests of self - esteem, academic achievement, cognitive abilities, musical abilities, and motor proficiency at the beginning of the project and throughout the three years of piano instruction. The results indicated that piano instruction had a positive effect on children’s self - esteem and school music marks but did not affect their academic achievement in math and language as measured by standardized tests and school report cards.
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