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Brief Report : Social Cognition and Subclinical Paranoid Ideation
Martin, James A.
Penn, David L.
Article from Bulletin/Magazine
British Journal of Clinical Psychology vol. 40 no. 3 (2001)
Perpustakaan Pusat (Semanggi)
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Objective. A number of cognitive biases have been identified relevant to persecutory thought (e. g. exaggerated self - serving bias). Moreover, findings of increased depressed mood in conjunction with high levels of self - esteem have contributed to theories of persecutory ideation (e. g. Bentall, Kinderman, Kaney, 1994). Using a non clinical sample, the present study sought to expand upon previous research by examining the linear relationship between persecutory ideation and multiple clinical and social cognitive variables. Design. A cross - sectional design was used. Correlational and multiple regression analyses were conducted. Method. One hundred and ninety - three undergraduate students were administered a battery of questionnaires which assessed the following domains : Paranoid ideation, depression, social anxiety, self - monitoring, attributional style and self - esteem. Results. Higher levels of paranoid ideation were significantly associated with greater depressed mood, social anxiety and avoidance, evaluation apprehension, self - monitoring and lower self - esteem. There were no significant associations between paranoid ideation and attributional biases. Conclusions. These findings suggest that mood, anxiety and perceptions of the self are related to paranoid ideation in a nonclinical sample. These findings are tempered, however, by studying a non clinical sample and the self - report measures of paranoid ideation that might be assessing multiple aspects of paranoid thought (e. g. ideas of reference).
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