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Citizens' Perceptions of Distributive And Procedural Injustice During Traffic Stops With Police
Engel, Robin Shepard
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency (http://jrc.sagepub.com/) vol. 42 no. 4 (Nov. 2005)
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This article examines the hypothesus that citizen's perceptions of injustice are based on normative factors (i. e. perceptions of equity and fairness) rather than instrumental factors (i. e. the outcomes received) by examining citizen's perceptions of injustice after traffic stops by police. The factors that predict citizen's perceptions of injustice are assessed using data collected for the bureau of justice statistics (BJS) sponsored police - public contract survey a national survey of citizens regarding their contacts with police, collected in 1999. Using multinominal logistic regression, the influences of the normative and instrumental perspetives are examined while controlling for citizen's characteristics and race - interaction terms, along with legalm situational and other control variables. The findings support tyler's proposition that citizens are concerned with issues of fariness in addition to the actual outcomes they receive from criminal - justice officials. The findings also show significant differences in citizens' perceptions of distributive and procedural injustice by race. The implications for policy and future research are explored.
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