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Spatial Memory for Chinese and English
Tavassoli, Nader T.
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (http://journals.sagepub.com/home/jcca) vol. 33 no. 4 (Jul. 2002)
cognition & reasoning
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Reading chinese logographs relies relatively more on visual cognitive processes than does reading alphabetic english worse, whereas the latter relies relatively more on phonological cognitive processes. As a consequence of this differential involvement, memory for the spatial location of wors learned scattered across as a single display was hypothesized to be better for chinese logographs than for alphabetic english words. This prediction was supported using native speakers and bilinguals. Experiment 1 found that relative to a picture control condition, the spatial location of chinese logographs was better remembered than the spatial location of alphabetic english words. Experiment 2 replicated this result using non sense words and abstract symbols. Experiment 3 found that script differences were specific to spatial memory and did not affect the free recall of words. The results suggest that writing systems, which are a core element of many culture, can affect the representation of verball information in memory.
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