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ArtikelSpatial Memory for Chinese and English  
Oleh: Tavassoli, Nader T.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology ( vol. 33 no. 4 (Jul. 2002), page 415-431.
Topik: SPATIAL ANALYSIS; chinese languages; cognition & reasoning; english language
Fulltext: 415.pdf (281.94KB)
  • Perpustakaan Pusat (Semanggi)
    • Nomor Panggil: JJ86.8
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Isi artikelReading chinese logographs relies relatively more on visual cognitive processes than does reading alphabetic english worse, whereas the latter relies relatively more on phonological cognitive processes. As a consequence of this differential involvement, memory for the spatial location of wors learned scattered across as a single display was hypothesized to be better for chinese logographs than for alphabetic english words. This prediction was supported using native speakers and bilinguals. Experiment 1 found that relative to a picture control condition, the spatial location of chinese logographs was better remembered than the spatial location of alphabetic english words. Experiment 2 replicated this result using non sense words and abstract symbols. Experiment 3 found that script differences were specific to spatial memory and did not affect the free recall of words. The results suggest that writing systems, which are a core element of many culture, can affect the representation of verball information in memory.
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