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ArtikelDemand-Withdraw Communication In Marital Interaction: Tests of Interspousal Contingency and Gender Role Hypotheses  
Oleh: Smith, David A. ; Klinetob, Nadya A.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Journal of Marriage and the Family vol. 58 no. 4 (Nov. 1996), page 945-957.
Topik: time-series analysis; Communication; demand-withdraw; marital interaction; interaction patterns
Ketersediaan
  • Perpustakaan PKPM
    • Nomor Panggil: J43
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelThis article examines the demand-withdraw communication dynamic during which one spouse requests change and the other disengages from the topic. We evaluated two problem-solving discussions by each of 50 married couples using both self-report questionnaires and micro analytic observational coding. Working under the hypothesis that demand-withdraw results from a disparity in the motivation to change, we asked each couple to discuss an issue about which the husband wanted the wife to change and an issue about which the wife wanted the husband to change. Data showed that wives demanded and husbands withdrew during discussions of her issue, whereas husbands demanded and wives withdrew during discussions of his issue. Time-series analyses of observational data confirmed that demand and withdraw behaviors are temporally associated during the course of discussion. We classified couples as bidirectional, wife-dominant, husband-dominant, and nondependent, based on the pattern of interdependency they exhibited.
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