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ArtikelInduction of Somatic Embryogenesis through Overexpression of ATRKD4 Genes in Phalaenopsis “Sogo Vivien”  
Oleh: Mursyanti, Exsyupransia ; Aziz-Purwantoro ; Moeljopawiro, Sukarti ; Semiarti, Endang
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah nasional - terakreditasi DIKTI
Dalam koleksi: Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology vol. 20 no. 1 (Jun. 2015), page 42-53.
Topik: AtRKD4; glucocorticoid; Phalaenopsis “Sogo Vivien”; orchid hybrid; somatic embryo
Fulltext: 15276-28977-1-SM.pdf (1.15MB)
Isi artikelPhalaenopsis “Sogo Vivien “is a mini orchid hybrid with beautiful fl owers and numerous infl orescences. Mass propagation of this orchid is needed to meet the market demand. Objective of this research was to induce somatic embryogenesis of P.”Sogo Vivien” through insertion of AtRKD4 gene into orchid. T-DNA containing 35S::GAL4::AtRKD4::GR was inserted into 16-22 days after sowing orchid protocorms mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA 105. Activation of the AtRKD4 gene was induced by glucocorticoid induction system, using 15µM Dexamethasone (Dex). The results showed that 34 out of 2,648 orchid embryos developed into protocorms on hygromycin selection medium, whereas only 4 out of 2,897 non-transformant protocorms developed from embryos. A 500 bp of HPT genes was amplifi ed from transformant candidates using specifi c primers for HPT (HygF1 and HygR1) and 380 bp was amplifi ed using specifi c primers for AtRKD4 (AtRKD4 F1 and AtRKD4 R1), indicated that transgenes have been integrated into orchid genomes. Finally, 17 plantlets were positively carrying AtRKD4 and HPT genes, the effi ciency of transformation was 0.63 %. Somatic embryos were also emerged from leaf explants of transformant on hormone-free NP medium and became normal plantlets. It is probably due to the high activity of AtRKD4 genes in orchids.
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