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ArtikelAn Active of Extracellular Cellulose Degrading Enzyme from Termite Bacterial Endosimbiont  
Oleh: Rohman, M. Saifur ; Pamulatsih, Endang ; Kusnadi, Yudi ; Yuwono, Triwibowo ; Martani, Erni
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah nasional - terakreditasi DIKTI
Dalam koleksi: Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology vol. 20 no. 1 (Jun. 2015), page 62-68.
Topik: Cellulase; Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus SBT1; Paenibacillus sp. SBT8; divalent metal cation; 1; 4-ß- glycosidic bond
Fulltext: 15273-28966-1-SM.pdf (231.36KB)
Isi artikelCellulase is an ezyme that specifi cally cleaves the 1,4-ß-glycosidic bond of cellulose to produce the small fragments of simple carbohydrate. This work was aimed to characterize the extracellular cellulase from Paenibacillus spp., which was previously isolated from macro termites, Odontotermes bhagwatii in our laboratory. Two Paenibacillus isolates were used in this experiment, namely Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus SBT1 and Paenibacillus, sp. SBT8. Analysis of the total proteins in the supernatants showed that P. cellulositrophicus SBT1 and Paenibacillus sp. SBT8 roughly produced as much as 18.6 mg/l and 24.8 mg/l of extracellular cellulases, respectively. Enzymatic assay showed that SBT1 and SBT8 cellulase exhibited enzymatic acitivity of 0.17 U/ mg and 0.12 U/mg, respectively. Temperature dependencies analysis indicated that both cellulases exhibited maximum activity at 35oC. At the temperature higher than 55oC, the enzymatic activities of both cellulases were roughly 20% reduced compared to the maximum activity. SBT1 and SBT8 cellulases were both active at acidic pH. At basic pH (pH 8) the enzymatic activities of both cellulases were reduced roughly 30% compared to that of acidic pH. Supplementing of Mg2+, Zn2+, and Ca2+ in range of 1-10 mM increased the enzymatic activity of both cellulases roughly 33 to 50%.
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