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ArtikelEthanolic Extract Formulation of Bawang Tiwai (Eleutherine americana) In Antiacne Cream  
Oleh: Syamsul, Eka Siswanto ; Supomo ; Wijaya, Heri ; Nugroho, Bramantyo Adi
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional - tidak terdaftar di DIKTI
Dalam koleksi: Majalah Obat Tradisional vol. 20 no. 03 (Sep. 2015), page 149-157.
Topik: Eleutherine Americana; Antiacne Cream; Staphylococcus Epidermidis
Fulltext: M01 v20 n3 p149 kelik2017.pdf (552.68KB)
Ketersediaan
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: M01.K
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
    Lihat Detail Induk
Isi artikelBawang tiwai (Eleutherine americana) have antibacterial effect to Sthapylococus epidermis. This study was conducted to formulate an ethanolic extract of bawang tiwai into antiacne cream preparations, thus Dayak community empirically considered use this as an antiacne and boils. Formula (F) was made by varying the concentration of the ethanolic extract namely: F1 (1%), F2 (2%) and F3 (4%). Anti acne cream formulation tested with phytochemical screening, organoleptic (smell, color, homogenity), type of cream, cream dispersive test, and antibacterial activity test against Staphylococcus epidermidis. Phytochemical screening result shows that its contains alkaloids, flavonoids and saponins, organoleptic test showed stability in F3, antiacne cream has a pH value = 6. Dispersive cream generated meets the requirements with a range of 5-7 cm. Cream type is type O / W (oil in water). Test result by using agar diffusion method with Mueller Hinton Agar (MHA) medium, inhibition zone obtained in the negative control (0), F1 (0), F2 (5.17 ± 0,19mm) and F3 (6 ± 0,17mm), LSD oneway ANOVA showed 95% (p <0.05) compared F3 all treatments. This study antiacne cream of F3 (concentration of the ethanolic extract of bawang tiwai 4%) is the best formula with the greatest potential in the medium category against Staphylococcus epidermidis.
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