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ArtikelStabilizing Mutations of KLHL24 Ubiquitin Ligase Cause Loss of Keratin 14 and Human Skin Fragility  
Oleh: Zhimiao Lin ; Shuo Li ; Cheng Feng ; Shang Yang ; Huijun Wang
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Nature Genetics vol. 48 no. 12 (Dec. 2016), page 1508-1516.
Topik: Biochemistry; Diseases; Genetics
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  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: N12.K
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Isi artikelSkin integrity is essential for protection from external stress and trauma. Defects in structural proteins such as keratins cause skin fragility, epitomized by epidermolysis bullosa (EB), a life-threatening disorder. Here we show that dominant mutations of KLHL24, encoding a cullin 3–RBX1 ubiquitin ligase substrate receptor, cause EB. We have identified start-codon mutations in the KLHL24 gene in five patients with EB. These mutations lead to truncated KLHL24 protein lacking the initial 28 amino acids (KLHL24-?N28). KLHL24-?N28 is more stable than its wild-type counterpart owing to abolished autoubiquitination. We have further identified keratin 14 (KRT14) as a KLHL24 substrate and found that KLHL24-?N28 induces excessive ubiquitination and degradation of KRT14. Using a knock-in mouse model, we have confirmed that the Klhl24 mutations lead to stabilized Klhl24-?N28 and cause Krt14 degradation. Our findings identify a new disease-causing mechanism due to dysregulation of autoubiquitination and open new avenues for the treatment of related disorders.
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