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ArtikelEffects of a Multicomponent Life-Style Intervention on Weight, Glycemic Control, Depressive Symptoms, and Renal Function in Low-Income, Minority Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Community Approach to Lifestyle Modification for Diabetes Randomized Controlled Trial  
Oleh: Moncrieft, Ashley E. ; Llabre, Maria M. ; McCalla, Judith Rey ; Gutt, Miriam ; Mendez, Armando J. ; Gellman, Marc D. ; Goldberg, Ronald B. ; Schneiderman, Neil
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine vol. 78 no. 07 (Sep. 2016), page 851-860.
Topik: Depression; Obesity; Glycemic Control; Renal Function; Type 2 Diabetes
Fulltext: P01 v78 n7 p851 kelik2016.pdf (595.72KB)
Ketersediaan
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: P01.K
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelObjective: Few interventions have combined life-style and psychosocial approaches in the context of Type 2 diabetes management. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention on weight, glycemic control, renal function, and depressive symptoms in a sample of overweight/obese adults with Type 2 diabetes and marked depressive symptoms. Methods: A sample of 111 adults with Type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to a 1-year intervention (n = 57) or usual care (n = 54) in a parallel groups design. Primary outcomes included weight, glycosylated hemoglobin, and Beck Depression Inventory II score. Estimated glomerular filtration rate served as a secondary outcome. All measures were assessed at baseline and 6 and 12 months after randomization by assessors blind to randomization. Latent growth modeling was used to examine intervention effects on each outcome. Results: The intervention resulted in decreased weight (mean [M] = 0.322 kg, standard error [SE] = 0.124 kg, p = .010) and glycosylated hemoglobin (M = 0.066%, SE = 0.028%, p = .017), and Beck Depression Inventory II scores (M = 1.009, SE = 0.226, p < .001), and improved estimated glomerular filtration rate (M = 0.742 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2, SE = 0.318 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2, p = .020) each month during the first 6 months relative to usual care. Conclusions: Multicomponent behavioral interventions targeting weight loss and depressive symptoms as well as diet and physical activity are efficacious in the management of Type 2 diabetes.
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