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ArtikelMitigation in Turning down Business Proposals across Cultures: The Case for Pragmatic Competence Instruction  
Oleh: Rycker, Antoon Gewijde Herwig De
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature (The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies) vol. 20 no. 1 (2014), page 87-100.
Topik: Intercultural business communication; rejections; indirectness; English for Specific Purposes; second-language writing; pragmatic competence instruction
Fulltext: Mitigation in Turning.pdf (231.21KB)
Isi artikelWriting ‘bad news’ messages in English constitute a skill critical to interpersonal effectiveness in today’s global marketplace. This study investigates the rejection (or refusal) strategies that native and non-native speakers use naturally, i.e. without the help of explicit pragmatic competence instruction. The data consist of the letters of rejection written by higher education students in response to a business proposal. These letters were analyzed in terms of four dimensions: meaning components, organizational approach and indirectness (using a framework derived from Félix-Brasdefer 2006) and the speech acts of apologizing and thanking (Wannaruk 2008). Results show that the student rejections display more variation, and even randomness, than predicted by the literature. Additionally, national culture and language appear to be much less of an explanatory factor than the students’ shared subcultural identity and exposure to similar models of communication. Overall, the data allow us to conclude that not only non-native but also native student writers would benefit from pedagogical interventions aimed at raising genre awareness and improving their intercultural pragmatic competence.
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