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ArtikelThe Concept of Balance and Linguistic Naturalness  
Oleh: Bailey, Charles-James N.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Language Sciences (Full Text) vol. 6 no. 2 (1984), page 229-238.
Fulltext: 06_02_Bailey.pdf (550.47KB)
Isi artikelThe goal of a balance of opposed forces or characters is considered optimal in yin-and-yang and other philosophies. This paper seeks to show that concepts of connaturalness and abnaturalness established in other work on linguistics represent language developments that complement each other in certain ways; and that, without this complementation, either of them leads to language "disease," something known to occur in the process of "language death." The earlier part of the article deals with markedness-reversal in non-technical terms; without this concept, one cannot distinguish which aspects of a language axe natural and which are not. Connatural developments create universal implicational patterns (sometimes destroying others), except in predictable "higher-lever' developments; but connatural developments also create "synthetic" structures which eventually become unwieldy without the abnatural changes (mostly due to language contact, but not entirely so) that tear these down in favor of "analytic" structures. These ideas are f'mally translated into the "semiotic" notions of a balance between (bioneurolinguistic) structures and (sociopragmatic) communicational functions.
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