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ArtikelThe viewpoint shifter -eha- in Korean and how it affects causal event structure  
Oleh: Kwon, Iksoo
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Language Sciences (Full Text) vol. 42 (2014), page 30-42.
Topik: Viewpoint shifter; Korean; Experiential predicates; Causal event structure; Conceptual structure; Cognitive semantics
Fulltext: 42_Kwon.pdf (1,002.38KB)
Isi artikelThe goal of this paper is to shed some light on the semantic properties of the viewpoint shifter -eha- in Korean and to model the conceptual structure it evokes within a cognitive semantics framework. Korean does not allow direct attribution of another person’s mental states; however, there are some linguistic buffers speakers can use to keep from violating constraints on consistency of viewpoint. -Eha- is one of the buffers; when it is used with an experiential predicate, the utterance will be interpreted as, ‘‘the protagonist behaves as if he/she were X’’ (X = a subjective experience) instead of ‘‘the protagonist is X,’’ by invoking the implicit viewpoint of the speaker. This affix is of special interest in the following reasons. -Eha- takes experiential predicates as its stem such as oylop- ‘be lonely,’ sulphu- ‘be sad,’ and so forth, and it blocks his/her direct access to the experiencer’s internal state. Second, depending on which subcategory of the experiential predicates it is attached to, the -eha- construction shows different semantic distributions; -eha- freely combines with experiencer-profiled experiential predicates (e.g., chwup- ‘be cold’), theme-profiled experiential predicates (e.g., cop- ‘be narrow’), and some evaluative predicates (e.g., kyemsonha- ‘be modest’), but it does not combine with evaluative predicates with a semantic role affected involved (e.g., chincelha- ‘be kind’). This paper provides cognitive motivations underlying the semantic distributions by modeling the conceptual structures that are evoked by the -eha- construction within a framework of causal event structure, which captures dynamic interactions among relevant thematic roles such as affected, agent, cause, experiencer, and perceiver
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