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ArtikelPost-metaphysical Thinking: A Habermasian Perspective on the Critique of Traditional Metaphysics  
Oleh: Seran, Alexander
Jenis: Article from Journal - e-Journal
Dalam koleksi: Melintas: An International Journal of Philosophy and Religion vol. 27 no. 01 (Apr. 2011), page 31-45.
Topik: paradigm shift; metaphysics; post-metaphysics; identity/totalizing thinking; situating reason; procedural rationality; discourse ethics
Fulltext: 27_01_Alexander Seran.pdf (529.56KB)
Isi artikelImmanuel Kant has been considered as one of the prominent philosophers that in a way put an end to metaphysics. Kant’s critique of metaphysics is directed towards the totalizing unity of mythological narratives, religious doctrines, and philosophical explanations. The basic concepts of narratives, religions, and philosophy had riled upon a syndrome of validity that dissolved with the emergence of expert cultures in science, morality, and law and with the autonomy of art. Today, philosophy could establish its own distinct criteria of validity under conditions of rationality in relation to science that is fallible. Habermas puts forward that philosophy after Kant can no longer be a metaphysics in the sense of “conclusive” and “totalizing” thinking. In his communication theory, Habermas develops a theory of philosophy that is not reducible to a simple totality but has social complexity as its ground that is a number of plural language games, different orders of power, different structures of politics constituting modern time. Habermas is thus concerned with developing a theory of philosophy in general as a discourse of social differentiation.
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