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ArtikelAn elaboration of the faithfulness claims in direct writing  
Oleh: Ikeo, Reiko
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Journal of Pragmatics: An Interdiciplinary Journal of Language Studies vol. 41 no. 5 (May 2009), page 999–1016.
Topik: Direct speech/writing; Quotation; Faithfulness; Speech acts; Anterior/posterior discourse
Fulltext: Ikeo_Reiko.pdf (194.67KB)
Isi artikelThe notion of faithfulness to an original text is one of the most important aspects in presenting others’ discourse especially in the form of direct speech (DS) and direct writing (DW). Although it is often assumed that exact words and expressions of the original discourse are used in direct discourse by non-linguists, recent studies on DS oppose the faithfulness assumptions and provide counter-examples of the word-by-word reproduction of the anterior discourse. This study, taking the notion of faithfulness and the extended faithfulness claims of direct discourse into account, shows that quoting exact words and phrases of the original does not necessarily reproduce a similar meaning. Quotations from literary reviews, which appear on covers of paperbacks, will be compared with their originals, and how speech acts and propositional contents of the original are reserved or altered in the quotations will be examined. The examples show that almost all the quotations use exact words and expressions of the original reviews. However, some quotations alter the speech-act value which the reviewer intended to convey in the original and generate different implicatures which were not found in the original. By analysing such cases in which faithfulness to the original discourse is not necessarily observed, this paper tries to elaborate upon the faithfulness claims of direct writing.
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