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ArtikelHIV surveillance methods for the incarcerated population  
Oleh: Lansky, Amy ; Dean, Hazel D. ; Fleming, Patricia L.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Aids Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal vol. 14 (Oct. 2002), page 65-74.
Topik: drug use; HIV/AIDS Epidemic; HIV/AIDS; alcohol abuse
  • Perpustakaan PKPM
    • Nomor Panggil: A94
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelIn the United States, monitoring the HIV/AIDS epidemic among the incarcerated population is done by (a) conducting a census of persons in prisons and jails reported to be infected with HIV or diagnosed with AIDS, (b) seroprevalence surveys in selected correctional facilities, and (c) population-based HIV/AIDS case surveillance by state health departments. We describe methods for HIV/AIDS case surveillance in correctional settings and present data from the HIV/AIDS Repor,::ing System (HARS) and the Supplement to HIV and AIDS Surveillance (SHAS) to describe the demographic, behavioral, and clinica] characteristics of HIV-infected persons who were incarcerated at the time of diagnosis. HARS data showed a higher proportion of females and a lower proportion of injection drug users for incarcerated persons diagnosed with HIV (not AIDS) compared to those initially diagnosed with AIDS. The SHAS data showed a high prevalence of injection drug use, crack use, alcohol abuse, and exchanging sex for money or drugs. Together, HARS and SHAS collect fairly comprehensive information of risk behaviors from persons with HIV infection and AIDS.
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