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ArtikelFamily Roles and Sex Differences in Creativity of Children in Bombay and Minneapolis  
Oleh: Straus, Jacqueline H. ; Straus, Murray A.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Journal of Marriage and the Family vol. 30 no. 01 (Feb. 1968), page 46.
Isi artikelA test is made of the theory that children's creativity varies according to the degree to which the child's role in the family requires conformity ta conventional norms. A test af this "conformityinhibition" theory is made possible by the known differences in degree to which Indian and American society expect normative conformity of children, and also because both societies expect greater conformity on the part of girls. Creativity was measured by the ability to generate ideas which might solve a puzzle in the form of a game presented for solution to husband-wife-child groups. Data for 128 family groups show that the Bombay children had lower scores than the Minneapolis sample. Girls' scores were lower than those of boys in both societies. Sex differences in creativity were greatest in Bombay. The lesser sex difference in the Minneapolis sample is interpreted as reflecting the greater freedom and individuality permitted girls in American society. As societies change towards a less restrictive normative code, individual creativity is likely to increase.
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