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A Localist Model for Event Semantics
VOORST, JAN VAN
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Journal of Semantics (Sebagian Full Text) vol. 10 no. 1 (Jan. 1993)
localist model illuminating
vol 10, no 1, p 65-111.pdf
This study presents a localist model illuminating the semantics of transitive constructions. The model groups transitive argument structures into a number of classes similar to those found in many aspectual studies which focus primarily on temporal aspects of events. The building blocks of the model are based on linguistic evidence in the form of tests involving adverbials of different types. A crucial role is played by manner adverbials. These adverbials show that the entity given by the subject has control over the entities given by the direct object of accomplishments and activities, but not over those denoted by the prepositional object and by the direct object of achievements and states. The notions proposed are inclusion and cohesion which specify the spatial relationship between two entities in terms of the event brought into existence by one of them. The localist model is a comprehensive conceptualization of events expressed through transitive constructions and it explains why individuation has such an important role to play in aspect.
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