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ArtikelEast Asian Childbearing Patterns and Policy Developments  
Oleh: Frejka, Tomas ; Jones, Gavin W. ; Sardon, Jean-Paul
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Population and Development Review vol. 36 no. 03 (Sep. 2010), page 579-606.
Topik: East Asian; Childbearing Behavior; Policy Developments
  • Perpustakaan PKPM
    • Nomor Panggil: P18
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelChildbearing behavior in East Asian countries has chabged rapidly during the past half century from an average of five to seven children per family, to replacement-level fertility, and subsequently to unprecedentedly low levels, the lowest in the world. This article analyzes fertility trends in Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan using cohort fertility data and methods, then examines social and economic causes od the childbearing trends and surveys policies pursued ro reverse the fertility trends. Postponement of childbearing started in the 1970s with continuously fewer delayed births being "recuperated," which resulted in ultra-low fertility. A rapid expansion of education and employment among women in a patriarchal environment has generated a stark dilemma for women who would like to combine childbearing with a career. Policy responses have been slow, with a more serious attempt to address issues in recent years. Thus far public and private institutions are not devoting sufficient attention to generating broad social change supportive of parenting.
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