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ArtikelMicroalbuminuria and Cardiovascular Autonomic Dysfunction Are Independently Associated With Cardiovascular Mortality: Evidence for Distinct Pathways The Hoorn Study  
Oleh: Beijers, Hanneke J.B.H. ; Ferreira, Isabel ; Bravenboer, Bert ; Dekker, Jacqueline M.
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Diabetes Care vol. 32 no. 09 (Sep. 2009), page 1698-1703.
Topik: DIABETES; DIABETES MELLITUS; Microalbuminuria; Cardiovascular Autonomic Dysfunction
Ketersediaan
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: D05.K.2009.03
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelOBJECTIVE : Microalbuminuria is associated with cardiovascular mortality, particularly among individuals with type 2 diabetes, but the mechanisms underlying this association are not completely understood. Microalbuminuria is known to be associated with cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction (C-AD), and C-AD in turn is associated with cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to investigate whether C-AD can explain the relationship between microalbuminuria and cardiovascular mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS : We studied 490 individuals from a population-based cohort of individuals aged 50–75 years who were followed for a median period of 13.6 years. Microalbuminuria was defined as an albumin-to-creatinine ratio =2.0 mg/mmol in an early-morning spot-urine sample. Ten parameters reflecting different aspects of cardiovascular autonomic function were measured and compiled into a total score of C-AD (mean of separate z scores). The association between C-AD and microalbuminuria was estimated by multiple linear regression, and relative risks (RRs) for cardiovascular mortality were estimated by Cox proportional hazards analyses. RESULTS : After adjustments for age, sex, glucose tolerance status, and other risk factors, C-AD was associated with microalbuminuria (ß = 0.16 [95% CI 0.01–0.33]), and both microalbuminuria (RR 2.09 [1.07–4.08]) and C-AD (1.74 [1.04–2.89]) were associated with cardiovascular mortality. These associations did not change after further mutual adjustment for C-AD (2.13 [1.09–4.17]) or microalbuminuria (1.76 [1.05–2.94]), respectively. CONCLUSIONS : Both microalbuminuria and C-AD are independently associated with cardiovascular mortality, and the excess mortality attributable to microalbuminuria cannot be explained by C-AD.
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