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ArtikelSocial communication in children with autism: The relationship between theory of mind and discourse development  
Oleh: Hale, Courtney M. ; Tager-Flusberg, Helen
Jenis: Article from Bulletin/Magazine - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Autism vol. 09 no. 02 (May 2005), page 157–178.
Topik: discourse skills; social communication; theory of mind
Fulltext: 157.pdf (174.86KB)
Isi artikelThis longitudinal study investigated the developmental trajectory of discourse skills and theory of mind in 57 children with autism. Children were tested at two time points spaced 1 year apart. Each year they provided a natural language sample while interacting with one parent, and were given standardized vocabulary measures and a developmentally sequenced battery of theory of mind tasks. The language samples were coded for conversational skills, specifically the child’s use of topic-related contingent utterances. Children with autism made significant gains over 1 year in the ability to maintain a topic of discourse. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that theory of mind skills contributed unique variance to individual differences in contingent discourse ability and vice versa, when measured concurrently; however, they did not predict longitudinal changes.The findings offer some empirical support for the hypothesis that theory of mind is linked to communicative competence in children with autism.
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