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ArtikelThe variability of compound stress in English: structural, semantic, and analogical factors  
Oleh: Plag, Ingo
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: English Language and Linguistics (Full Text & ada di PROQUEST th. 2005 - terbaru) vol. 10 no. 1 (May 2006), page 143-172.
Fulltext: vol10.1;143-172.pdf (303.5KB)
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    • Nomor Panggil: SS23
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Isi artikelIt is generally assumed that noun–noun (NN) compounds in English are stressed on the left-hand member (e.g. c´ourtroom, w´atchmaker). However, there is a considerable amount of variation in stress assignment (e.g. silk t´ýe, Madison A´venue, singer-so´ngwriter), whose significance and sources are largely unaccounted for in the literature. This article presents an experimental study inwhich three competing hypotheses concerningNNstress assignment are tested. The stress patterns of novel and existing compounds, as obtained in a reading experiment with native speakers ofAmerican English,were acoustically measured and analyzed. The results show that there is indeed a considerable amount of variation in stress assignment, and that all three hypothesized factors, i.e. structure, semantics, and analogy, are relevant, though to different degrees. On a theoretical level, the findings strongly suggest that a categorical approach cannot be upheld and that probability and analogy need to be incorporated into an adequate account of stress assignment in noun– noun constructions. The article also makes a methodological contribution to the debate in showing that experimental studies using pitch measurements can shed new light on the issue of variable compound stress.
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