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ArtikelA Globally Optimal k-Anonymity Method for the De-Identification of Health Data  
Oleh: Emam, Khaled El ; Dankar, Fida Kamal ; Issa, Romeo ; Jonker, Elizabeth ; Amyot, Daniel
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: JAMIA ( Journal Of the American Medical Informatics Association ) vol. 16 no. 5 (Sep. 2009), page 670-682.
Topik: de-identified; health datasets
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: J43.K.2009.02
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelBackground: Explicit patient consent requirements in privacy laws can have a negative impact on health research, leading to selection bias and reduced recruitment. Often legislative requirements to obtain consent are waived if the information collected or disclosed is de-identified. Objective: The authors developed and empirically evaluated a new globally optimal de-identification algorithm that satisfies the k-anonymity criterion and that is suitable for health datasets. Design: Authors compared OLA (Optimal Lattice Anonymization) empirically to three existing k-anonymity algorithms, Datafly, Samarati, and Incognito, on six public, hospital, and registry datasets for different values of k and suppression limits. Measurement: Three information loss metrics were used for the comparison: precision, discernability metric, and non-uniform entropy. Each algorithm's performance speed was also evaluated. Results: The Datafly and Samarati algorithms had higher information loss than OLA and Incognito; OLA was consistently faster than Incognito in finding the globally optimal de-identification solution. Conclusions: For the de-identification of health datasets, OLA is an improvement on existing k-anonymity algorithms in terms of information loss and performance.
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