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Assessing Dimensionality by Maximizing H Coefficient–Based Objective Functions
van Abswoude, Alexandra A.H.
Vermunt, Jeroen K.
Hemker, Bas T.
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Applied Psychological Measurement vol. 31 no. 4 (Jul. 2007)
nonparametric item response theory
Mokken scale analysis can be used for scaling under nonparametric item response theory models. The results may, however, not reflect the underlying dimensionality of data. Various features of Mokken scale analysis—the H coefficient, Mokken scale conditions, and algorithms—may explain this result. In this article, three new H-based objective functions with slight reformulations of Mokken scale analysis in the unidimensional and multidimensional cases are introduced. Deterministic and stochastic nonhierarchical clustering algorithms reduced the probability of obtaining suboptimal solutions. A simulation study investigated whether these methods can determine the dimensionality structure of data sets that vary with respect to item discrimination, item difficulty, number of items per trait, and numbers of observations per test. Furthermore, it was investigated whether deterministic and stochastic algorithms can generate approximately global optimal solutions. The method based on the average within-scale Hi combined with a stochastic nonhierarchical clustering algorithm was the most successful in dimensionality assessment.
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