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ArtikelPercolation Of Clay Liners Of Ash Landfills In Short And Long Time Perspectives  
Oleh: Pusch, Roland ; Kihl, Anders
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Waste Management & Research vol. 22 no. 2 (Apr. 2004), page 71-77.
Topik: Ash; clay; hydraulic conductivity; ion diffusivity; landfill; liner; percolation; swelling pressure; smectite; waste; wmr 655
Fulltext: 71.pdf (392.31KB)
Isi artikelTop covers of waste landfills conventionally contain a drain layer over a low-permeable clay liner usually containing smectite minerals. The rate of percolation of the clay liner, which may require tens of years to become water-saturated, determines the downward transport of ions released from the underlying waste to and through the bottom clay liner. The percolation rate is controlled by the composition and density of the upper liner, which should be as tight as possible. This implies a high density and therefore a high swelling potential which must be moderated by proper design. The bottom clay liner is a less effective and reliable barrier since cation exchange will increase the hydraulic conductivity and cause a significant rise in percolation rate and risk of chemical attack by the percolate. The top liner will undergo very moderate strain if the ash fill is effectively compacted and undergoes little self-compaction. Processes that may cause degradation are freezing and drying and require proper design. In this paper the authors examine the performance of ash-fills isolated by clay liners and conclude that the most important issue is to design and construct the top liner to be as impermeable as possible paying less attention to the tightness of the bottom layer.
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