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ArtikelThe Social Construction of Surrogacy Research: An Anthropological Critique of the Psychosocial Scholarship on Surrogate Motherhood  
Oleh: Teman, Elly
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: Social Science & Medicine (www.elsevier.com/locate/sosscimed) vol. 67 no. 7 (Oct. 2008), page 1104-1112.
Topik: Surrogate Motherhood; Surrogacy; Infertility; Reproduction; Gestational Carrier; Gender
Ketersediaan
  • Perpustakaan Pusat (Semanggi)
    • Nomor Panggil: SS53.23
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
    • Tandon: tidak ada
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Isi artikelThis article presents a critical appraisal of the psychosocial empirical research on surrogate mothers, their motivations for entering into surrogacy agreements and the outcome of thier participation. I apply a social constructionist approach toward analyzing the scholarship, arguing that the cultrual assumption that "normal" women do not volutnarily become pregnant with the premeditated intention of relinquishing the child for money, together with the assumption that "normal" women "naturally" bond with the children they bear, frames much of this research. I argue that this scholarship reveals how Western assumptions about motherhood and family impact upon scientific research. In their attempt to research the anomalous phenomenon of surrogacy, these researchers respond to the cultural anxienties that the practice provokes by framing their research methodologies and questions in a manner that upholds essentialist gendered assumptions about the naturalness and normalness of motherhood and childbearing. This leads the researchers to overlook the intrinsic value of the women's personal experiences and has implications for social policy.
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