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ArtikelProcess-Based Forgiveness Interventions: A Meta-Analytic Review  
Oleh: Lundahl, Brad W. ; Taylor, Mary Jane ; Stevenson, Ryan ; Roberts, K. Daniel
Jenis: Article from Journal - e-Journal
Dalam koleksi: Research on Social Work Practice vol. 18 no. 5 (Sep. 2008), page 465-478.
Topik: forgiveness; meta-analysis; direct practice; therapy
Fulltext: 465.pdf (128.9KB)
Isi artikelObjective: To investigate the impact of forgiveness interventions designed to help individuals who have suffered because of betrayals, offenses, or victimization. Forgiveness is believed to be a mechanism through which individuals can experience increases in hope and positive emotions and relief from negative emotions, cognitions, and behaviors. Method: Fourteen published reports of process-based forgiveness interventions that included a comparison group are meta-analyzed. Results/Conclusions: Samples that received forgiveness interventions forgave more (effect size [ES] = .82) and enjoyed increased positive affect (ES = .81) and self-esteem (ES = .60) and less negative affect (ES = .54). Such gains were largely maintained at follow-up periods. Individually delivered programs are superior to group delivery, and some forgiveness programs are superior to others. Further moderators are discussed.
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