Anda belum login :: 29 Mar 2023 20:01 WIB
A trial of B vitamins and cognitive function among women at high risk of cardiovascular disease
Jae, Hee Kang
Manson, JoAnn E.
Buring, Julie E.
Albert, Christine M.
Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 88 no. 06 (Dec. 2008)
1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
Lihat Detail Induk
Background: High homocysteine concentrations may be neurotoxic and contribute to cognitive decline in older persons. Objective: The objective was to examine the effect of supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B-12, and vitamin B-6 on cognitive change in women with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or CVD risk factors. Design: The Women's Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study is a randomized placebo-controlled trial designed to test the effect of a combination of B vitamins (2.5 mg folic acid/d, 50 mg vitamin B-6/d, and 1 mg vitamin B-12/d) on secondary prevention of CVD. Female health professionals aged 40 y (n = 5442) with CVD or 3 coronary risk factors in 1998 (after folic acid fortification began in the United States) were randomly assigned to treatment. Shortly after randomization (mean: 1.2 y), a substudy of cognitive function was initiated among 2009 participants aged 65 y. Telephone cognitive function testing was administered up to 4 times over 5.4 y with 5 tests of general cognition, verbal memory, and category fluency. Repeated-measures analyses were conducted, and the primary outcome was a global composite score averaging all test results. Results: Mean cognitive change from baseline did not differ between the B vitamin and placebo groups (difference in change in global score: 0.03; 95% CI: –0.03, 0.08; P = 0.30). However, supplementation appeared to preserve cognition among women with a low baseline dietary intake of B vitamins. Conclusions: Combined B vitamin supplementation did not delay cognitive decline among women with CVD or CVD risk factors. The possible cognitive benefits of supplementation among women with a low dietary intake of B vitamins warrant further study.
Klik untuk menuliskan opini Anda tentang koleksi ini!
Copyright © 2006, 2007
Unika Atma Jaya
, all rights reserved
Process time: 0.03125 second(s)