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ArtikelAntibodies against MICA Antigens and Kidney-Transplant Rejection  
Oleh: Zou, Yizhou ; Stastny, Peter ; Süsal, Caner ; Döhler, Bernd ; Opelz, Gerhard
Jenis: Article from Journal - ilmiah internasional
Dalam koleksi: The New England Journal of Medicine (keterangan: ada di Proquest) vol. 357 no. 13 (Sep. 2007), page 1293.
  • Perpustakaan FK
    • Nomor Panggil: N08.K.2007.05
    • Non-tandon: 1 (dapat dipinjam: 0)
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Isi artikelBackground Good HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-DR matches do not guarantee rejection-free renal transplantation. Some kidney transplants fail despite such matches, suggesting that other antigens might be targets for rejection. Major-histocompatibility-complex (MHC) class I–related chain A (MICA) antigens are polymorphic and can elicit antibody production. We sought to determine whether an immune response to MICA antigens might play a role in the failure of kidney allografts. Methods Pretransplantation serum samples from 1910 recipients of kidney transplants from deceased donors were tested for anti-MICA antibodies with an assay in which single MICA antigens were attached to polystyrene microspheres. Results Antibodies against MICA alleles were detected in 217 of the 1910 patients (11.4%). The presence of MICA antibodies was associated with renal-allograft rejection. The mean (±SE) 1-year graft-survival rate was 88.3±2.2% among recipients with anti-MICA antibodies as compared with 93.0±0.6% among recipients without anti-MICA antibodies (P=0.01). Among recipients of first kidney transplants, the survival rate was even lower among MICA antibody–positive patients (87.8±2.4%) than among MICA antibody–negative recipients (93.5±0.6%, P=0.005). In addition, the association of MICA sensitization with reduced graft survival was more evident in kidney-transplant recipients with good HLA matching: among 326 recipients who received well-matched kidneys (0 or 1 HLA-A plus HLA-B plus HLA-DR mismatch), sensitization against MICA was associated with poorer allograft survival (83.2±5.8% among those with anti-MICA antibodies vs. 95.1±1.3% among those without such antibodies, P=0.002). Conclusions Presensitization of kidney-transplant recipients against MICA antigens is associated with an increased frequency of graft loss and might contribute to allograft loss among recipients who are well matched for HLA.
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